France: obstacles to internal reforms political turmoil tests government credibility
For French President Macron, the past 2018 has been his most difficult political career so far.
Although the support rate of successive presidents has inevitably declined in recent years, and it has become the norm in the political ecology of France, no one has thought that 66.
With a 1% approval rating, the party to which it belongs occupies 308 seats in the parliament and becomes the largest party. The youngest President Macron in the history of the Fifth French Republic has less than 20% of the approval rating after a year and a half.
In his New Year speech in 2019, Macron reiterated his determination to continue to advance reforms and called on the public to support the reforms.
There are many obstacles to the reform of the internal affairs. French society is currently facing many difficulties. The people originally had high hopes for Macron, who chanted the slogan of reform, hoping to seek change.
After taking office, Macron did indeed start fulfilling his promises made during the campaign. He vigorously implemented a series of reforms involving taxation, labor bills, state-owned railways and many other fields, reinvigorating the French economy.
However, although the reform has achieved certain results, from the perspective of ordinary people, the dividends brought by the reform have not been felt immediately.
On the other hand, the employment growth rate in France has slowed down significantly, the purchasing power of the public has not been effectively improved, a series of negative effects such as the continuous rise in oil prices have followed, and social dissatisfaction has increased.
As a result of the tough stance in the implementation of the reforms and the interests of different strata, Macron was labeled by the public with the label of the rich president, President Zeus, and the public opinion support rate has plummeted.
Currently, yellow vest demonstrations that have attracted worldwide attention are continuing in France.
French Minister of the Interior Castanee revealed that the eighth round of yellow vest demonstrations held yesterday had a total of about 50,000 participants across France, an increase in the number of people from the previous round.
According to French media reports, during the demonstration, more than 10 protesters used a forklift to smash a front door of a French government office building in Paris, destroying two cars in the yard and smashing several buildings.The glass of the window, French government spokesman Grievo and 深圳桑拿网 his team were forced to evacuate from the back door while working in the building.
Some experts believe that although the number and scale of protests have fallen sharply compared to the peak, the current situation is that the participants are hardliners. If their demands cannot be effectively resolved, the protests will continue for a considerable period of time.The ongoing protests will also have a great negative impact on the stability of French society and severely test the Macron government’s ability to govern.
Political turmoil tests the credibility of the government In recent days, Macron’s former bodyguard Benara has once again become the focus of French media attention.
Since the campaign, Benara has been in charge of Macron’s security work. He was expelled from the Elysee Palace after beating May Day protesters in a widely circulated video in May 2018.
Macron had a headache at the time of the scandal. The outside world criticized him for being too slow to deal with the people around him, and this incident also caused Macron’s approval rate to continue to decline.
According to French media reports, Benara has recently started working in African countries as presidential emissary, and continues to use the diplomatic passport used during his previous term.
Once the matter was disclosed, it caused an uproar in France. Although the Elysee Palace immediately issued a statement to deny the matter, the French Senate inquiry committee issued an announcement requesting the Presidential Office, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of the Interior to use diplomatic passports after leaving Benara.Explain one thing.
At the same time, Macron’s tough personal style and arrogant personality also made many politicians who were optimistic or supportive of him fall into disappointment.
Since taking office, several heavyweight politicians have resigned, including Pierre de Vrier, Chief of Staff of the French Armed Forces, Cologne, the Minister of the Interior, who has close relations with Macron, and the Macron government’s most popularMinister of Ecology, Environment and Solidarity Nicholas Hullo, and Minister of Sport Fraser, etc., and Macron ‘s other close ally, Fowler, the team ‘s public relations director, also recently announced that he will step down at the end of this month.
Some analysts point out that the above situation will inevitably have a negative impact on the image of Macron and his government, and a government lacking governance experience will make the future reform process even worse.
外交积极但收效甚微 2018年，马克龙在国际舞台上不乏亮眼的表现，在英国脱欧等一系列事件影响欧洲一体化进程的关键时刻，马克龙提出多项措施，推动欧盟改革，巩固France’s influence as a European power.
In supporting the global multilateral trading system, climate change, and the Iranian nuclear issue, Macron acknowledges and maintains the existing international order and has demonstrated his willingness to play an active role in promoting global governance change.
Regarding bilateral relations with relevant major powers, some French scholars have pointed out that Macron believes that the United States is irreplaceable and needs to handle the relationship with Trump well.
At the same time, he also realized that he wanted to keep all the choices on the table, so he must protect the interests of France and Europe when facing the United States.
From Macron’s point of view, although Russia implies some kind of risk to European security, Russia is also an indispensable link for maintaining European stability and maintaining the balance of power on the European continent.
Therefore, in the past 2018, Macron has frequently interacted with leaders of Trump, Putin and other big powers, adding a lot to his personal image, and also improving France’s international image and influence to a certain extent.
In the political ecology of Western countries, when politicians encounter difficulties or resistances in their internal affairs, they often seek breakthroughs through diplomacy to resolve domestic conflicts and win the favor of the people.
However, limited by the current limited national strength of France and the decline in influence caused by the turbulent situation in Europe, although the Macron government frequently made moves in the diplomatic field, it was affected by climate change, the Syrian civil war, and the Iranian nuclear issue that are closely related to France and Europe.The results on difficult issues such as agreements are not obvious.
It is hoped that 2019 will become a decisive year. On the 4th local time, the French cabinet held its first meeting in 2019 to focus on this year’s reform process.
French President Macron met with senior officials such as French Prime Minister Philip and Interior Minister Castanee at the meeting.
French government spokesman Grievo quoted Macron as saying after a cabinet meeting that further changes are needed.
Grievo also called on the people to participate in the national debate, rather than go to the streets to demonstrate.
French media said that the French government’s reforms in 2019 will focus on unemployment insurance, retirement systems, employee health care and civil service reforms, aiming to save billions of euros in expenses.
Earlier, Macron had emphasized in his New Year’s speech in 2019 that he would continue to promote reforms that help improve people’s living standards. He also called on the people to have confidence in the future of the country.
Macron emphasized that he hoped that the French people would no longer evade reality, because it is impossible to make more money while reducing the workload; or to increase expenditures while reducing taxes, he called on people to accept change because they are dissatisfied with the status quo, butIf you are unwilling to change, nothing will change.
Macron said that 2019 will be a decisive year. He hoped that the French people will not let themselves be in trouble and do not let outsiders feel that France is an ununited country. He emphasized that the future of the country can only be achieved by regaining unity and the efforts of everyone.Build and call on people to be patient.
(Reporter Huang Hao) Original Title: France: Where Reforms Difficult for New Years