Eight kinds of drugs for the elderly to take care
The following eight types of drugs should be used with caution.
銆€銆€Hormonal drugs: The elderly are particularly sensitive to muscle atrophy and osteoporosis caused by hormonal drugs, and cannot be recovered after stopping the drug.
Postmenopausal elderly women taking hormone drugs can easily cause osteoporosis, especially not suitable for taking.
銆€銆€Metoclopramide: also known as chlorpyrifos, is a commonly used drug for the treatment of gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. Toxic replacement, generally only 1% of patients have toxic side effects.
However, the elderly, especially those with diabetes, are prone to neurological adverse reactions after treatment, which is characterized by acute paroxysmal dystonia.
The performance of adverse reactions is very complicated. When the onset is eccentric, it is easy to be misunderstood, so the elderly should not be appropriate.
銆€銆€Diazepam: a commonly used drug in the clinic.
Small doses have a calming anti-anxiety effect.
Long-term continuous use, even for commonly used quantities, can quickly lead to overlap and addiction, with consequent repetitiveness.
Elderly people with bradycardia, hypotension, blurred vision, glaucoma and myasthenia gravis should be possessed.
銆€銆€Aminophylline: a drug that relaxes bronchial smooth muscle, which is effective in relieving the contraction of bronchial obstruction and reducing mucosal congestion and edema.
However, some elderly people may soon develop symptoms of poisoning, which are characterized by irritability, vomiting, depression, memory loss, poor orientation, heart rhythm disorder, and sudden decrease in blood pressure.
Intramuscular injection can cause pain at the injection site.
Intravenous injection may cause the heart to cause heart rhythm, convulsions and death, so the elderly should be used with caution.
銆€銆€Antibiotics and antacids: According to the Boston Elderly Nutrition Research Center, if long-term use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and antacids is prone to megaloblastic anemia, it is not appropriate to take two drugs for a long time.
銆€銆€Propranolol: Patients with hypotension, bradycardia, high blood pressure, and cardiac insufficiency should not take it.
銆€銆€Phenobarbital drugs: patients with liver and kidney dysfunction and the elderly are prone to toxic reactions, manifested as dizziness, gait instability, unresponsiveness, and severe confusion.
銆€銆€Cough will clear: cough will selectively inhibit the respiratory center, local anesthesia and atropine-like effects.
The antitussive effect is obvious, and it is a strong antitussive.
Strong antitussives are not conducive to sputum sputum, can cause a large amount of sputum retention in the respiratory tract, causing respiratory complications or secondary infections, aggravating the condition, and unfavorable patient recovery. Therefore, patients with multiple sputum should not take it.